Best Fertilizer For Onions In Kenya
In terms of requirements, apart from land that is an obvious fact, other requirements are dap fertilizer and seedlings. Base application with multicote™ controlled release fertilizer + side dressing for better nutrient use efficiency, saving application costs and less soil compaction.
Main fertilization programs for onions are:
Best fertilizer for onions in kenya. Here is how to do this; Every household in kenya uses onions. In kenya, most farmers prefer to engage in maize farming because it is a staple food for the citizens and is always in demand.
Make shallow furrows 15 cm apart. This is whereby new techniques are used. I am an onion farmer in taveta and want to know the best fertilizer to use for growing onions in this region.
Production cost per acre is estimated to be less than ksh 150, 000. This makes the red bulb onion a very attractive commercial investment for the kenyan market at the moment, since local production. 1 kg of seedlings can be used in 1 acre while 20 grams of dap fertilizer is applied per square meter.
Most areas in ukambani and the coastal region are extremely dry. Mix and apply dap fertilizer at a rate of 20 grams per metre square; Bulb onions take 3 to 4 months to reach maturity.
We have the following varieties of bulb onions from royal/ kenya highland seeds co ltd. Use ammonium sulfate if your soil is alkaline because this fertilizer lowers the ph slightly. The best temperature for onions to thrive must neither be too low nor too high.
These are for growing banana, citrus, coffee, maize, melon, onion, potato, sugarcane, cabbage, wheat and tomato. Onions require topdressing of 300kg/ha of can fertilizer. Base and side dressing a simple and basic program where fertigation cannot be use.
Apply well decomposed manure at a rate of 15kg per square metre. Onions are a cool season crop. Yara international fertilizer company supplies over 22 fertilizer blends in kenya.
Plant the bulb onions in kenya, apply 400kg/ha of dsp k fertilizer. Kenyan farmers have been doing their best to address the demand and close the gap, but there is still more supply to be achieved. The best areas suited for farming being karatina, oloitoktok, naivasha, kieni, emali and mai mahiu.
Nevertheless, maize, unlike onions, takes more than six months to be harvested while onions are ready in just four months. Mix the seeds with dry ash, sand or soil at a ratio of 1:3 to help spread the small seed. The best varieties that are doing well in kenya are.
Onion varieties in kenya from various seed companies and gross margins. Tanzania, egypt and other onion producing countries have taken over the kenyan onion market with reports indicating tanzania is supplying kenya with more than 50 per cent of the product. Ammonium nitrate works well for gardens with acidic soil.
Bulb onions, also known as kitunguu maji in kenya, is one of the most used vegetables in the world. To get the best results with onions you need to start them in a nusery. Make a raised nursery bed 1 metre wide and any desired length.
Onions in kenya is usually ready for harvesting after 120 to 150 days after transplanting when 75% of your onion tops have dried and fallen now it’s ready for harvesting. This translates your net profit to ksh 750,000. Besides that, bulb onion farming in kenya has a higher return per acre as compared to maize farming.
Other alternatives are 200kg/ha of tsp or 150kg of dap fertilizers. You need a piece of land, one kilo of seedling per one acre and 20 grams of dap fertilizer per square meter. There are different varieties of bulb onions in kenya with the most common being the jambar f1 due to its bigger bulbs and more yields.
Their brand fertilizers are yara vita (micronutrients), yara vera (urea), yara liva (calcium nitrate), yara milla (compound), and yara. It should not be below 13 degrees or above 35 degrees. It is used in cooked meals or raw salads as a flavour additive, and also used in making pickles and chutneys.
Short rains are great for bulb onions since they can be harvested between january and february. Apply every 3 to 4 weeks. Use ½ to 1 cup of fertilizer per foot of onion height for optimal results.
In onion production, first as a farmer, you have to know the market requirements and manipulate the production practice to produce the desired quality of onion. Mix and apply dap fertilizer at a rate of 20 grams per meter square and then make shallow furrows 15 cm apart. In the recent past, smart onion farming in kenya has been embraced.
Red bombay (12 t/acre) packages. If the temperatures go beyond these pints, the plant might not grow. 50 percent of the red onions in kenya are imported from tanzania, as indicated by food and agriculture organisation's (fao) 2014 report.
You can also use 400kg/ha of the dsp fertilizer. This is a summary of onion varieties in kenya which farmers can grow for either consumption or commercial purposes. After, 3 months of transplanting the bulb onions it can produce more than 16,000 kgs bulbs.
Emirates skycargo upgrades customers to a. Onions need a steady supply of nitrogen to form large bulbs. Harvesting of onions is done by pulling then left on the soil for curing.
Major types of onions farmed in kenya are bulb onions and spring onions. Apart from proven growth benefits to onions, jobe’s organics blood meal is also safe to use around kids and pets. Currently 1 kg of bulb onions can fetch ksh 50, that is, 18,000 * 50= ksh, 900,000.
It requires a top dressing of 125kg/ha of the can fertilizer.